The ethics of ethnography revisited: Learning from documentaries
紀錄片«是和有»的導演被其影片中拍攝的人物告上了法庭, 此事件可用於揭示另一個可比的現象, 即在民族志調查中受訪者權力的複雜性: 肖像權、 工作權、 著作權? 匿名并不能解決受訪者的角色問題: 調查時最大化, 分析時最小化, 而出版時完全不予考慮。 必要的個人資料保密, 不應該掩蓋受訪者在出版物中的參與問題。
This article offers a comparison of the legal suits filed by the interviewees against the director of the documentary Être et avoir (to have and to be) with the rights of interviewees in ethnographic investigations, focusing particularly on image copyrights and labor law. To say that interviewees contribute to such investigations in anonymity does not solve the main problem — they are crucial to the investigation, marginal to the analysis, and then are assigned no publication credits. While information about the interviewees should remain confidential, this article argues, that contribution and role in the making of a publication should not be ignored.
調查, 肖像, 訴訟, 知識產權
investigation, image, legal suit, intellectual copyright