The market at the heart of the invention of the museum ?
儘管大革命時期的觀點將博物館和市場交易對立起來, 在德農成為盧浮宮守護神之前, 商人讓·巴蒂斯特·勒柏翰在藏品的建立中扮演了關鍵的角色。本文以論戰者的姿態出發, 試圖勾勒出在備受爭議的情況下, 得以確立博物館專業人員職業認同的各項策略;同時也說明透過引進藝術市場的價值判斷機制, 如作者判定、實品鑒定和真偽辨識, 盧浮宮逐漸被認可為一個彙聚專門技能的公共領域。
Before Vivant Denon, the dealer Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun played a crucial role in the creation of the Louvre collections, despite the revolutionary discourse which opposed the market to the museum. Lebrun’s position as a polemicist is interpreted here as a strategy of self-presentation which made possible the controversial birth of the figure of the museum expert. With Lebrun, the Louvre imposed itself as a public space of artistic expertise, where values imported from the market — such as attributionism, materiality, and authenticity — became prominent in the evaluation of paintings.
鑒定家身份, 博物館, 專門技能, 實品鑒定, 真偽辨識
connoisseurship, museum, expertise, materiality, authenticity