Experts in the mathematical sciences and imperial projects during the Kangxi Reign
1713年, 康熙皇帝下旨編纂一本集三種內容, 即數學、 天文曆法和樂律為一體的書。為此, 他通過破格考試選拔了一批讀書人, 并密切關注他們編纂工作的進程。 這些編撰者中只有兩位後來被提拔為高官。 18世紀中期, 國子監開設了數學課。 通過這些方式, 清朝在一些以晉仕為目標的讀書人中納入了專業數學知識的傳授。
In 1713 the Kangxi emperor commissioned the compilation of a treatise on mathematics, astronomy, and harmonics. For this project, he recruited literati, selecting them by special examination and closely supervising their work. Only two of them went on to have careers as high officials. In the middle of the 18th century, mathematics began to be taught at the Imperial University. Thus the Qing dynasty established the transmission of a degree of expertise in this field as part of the training of certain literati who aimed at a civil service career.
中國, 數學, 專業知識, 耶穌會士, 官方正統
China, mathematics, expertise, Jesuits, imperial orthodoxy