Handcrafts in China from the 10th to 12th centuries
本文探討宋代 (960–1279) 文人士大夫如何表述手工業勞動的形態。 受到城市民眾需求的推動, 這種理念在以下三個基礎上建立起來: 對傳統经史文本作出詮釋, 對才識技能給予多種形式的重視, 對特殊技能進行範化, 尤其是在行政体系中。由於這一過程得以持續地構建技能知識的形態, 從而直接影响到手工業專業階層认同的出現。
This study deals with collective representations of handcrafts, which were elaborated by the Song (960–1279) literati. Stirred by the strong demand of urban populations, this ideology was constituted combining the literati’s interpretations of the classical tradition, the social promotion of talent and technical know-how, and the standardization of specialized knowledge in response to government demands. This process had a long-term social impact, in terms of both the professional identity of workers, and the social perceptions of technical knowledge.
中國, 宋代, 手工業, 技能知識, 規範化
China, Song, handcrafts, technical know-how, standardization